A few talks are available on
line as well.
of Diamondoid Mechanosynthesis Tooltip Pathologies Generated via a Distributed
Computing Approach, J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 8, 1139–1161,
2011. Damian G.Allis, Brian Helfrich, Robert A. Freitas Jr.and Ralph C.Merkle.
- A cryopreservation
revival scenario using MNT, Cryonics 4 (2008) 7-8. Ralph
C. Merkle and Robert A. Freitas Jr.
Minimal Toolset for Positional Diamond Mechanosynthesis, J. Comput.
Theor. Nanosci. 5, 760–861, 2008. Robert A. Freitas Jr. and
Ralph C. Merkle
Initio Thermochemistry of the Hydrogenation of Hydrocarbon Radicals Using
Silicon, Germanium, Tin and Lead Substituted Methane and Isobutane,
J. Phys. Chem. A (August 2007)111, 8677-8688. Berhane Temelso, C. David Sherrill,
Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr.
ab Initio Studies of Hydrogen Abstraction from Prototype Hydrocarbon Systems,
J. Phys. Chem. A, 110 (38), 11160 -11173, 2006; Berhane Temelso, C. David
Sherrill, Ralph C. Merkle, and Robert A. Freitas Jr. (PDF
Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part III. Positional C2 Deposition
on Diamond C(110) Surface using Si/Ge/Sn-based Dimer Placement Tools,
J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 3(February 2006):28-41. Jingping Peng, Robert
A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, James R. Von Ehr, John N. Randall, George
- Kinematic Self-Replicating
Machines, by Robert A. Freitas Jr. and Ralph C. Merkle; Landes BioScience
Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part I. Stability of C2 Mediated Growth
of Nanocrystalline Diamond C(110) Surface, J. Comp. Theor. Nanosci.
1(March 2004):62-70. Jingping Peng, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C.
Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part II. C2 Mediated Growth of Diamond
C(110) Surface via Si/Ge-Triadamantane Dimer Placement Tools, J. Comp.
Theor. Nanosci. 1(March 2004):71-80. David J. Mann, Jingping Peng,
Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle.
the development of molecular nanotechnology, Ralph C. Merkle and Robert
A. Freitas Jr., Dec. 2003.
- Theoretical analysis
of a carbon-carbon dimer placement tool for diamond mechanosynthesis,
Ralph C. Merkle and Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 3
(August 2003):319-324. (Abstract)
- Video introduction to nanotechnology from Big
Thinkers "Ralph Merkle: nanotechnology"
assembly, George D Skidmore, Eric Parker, Matthew Ellis, Neil Sarkar
and Ralph Merkle, Nanotechnology 12 (2001) 316-321
- That's impossible:
how good scientists reach bad conclusions, April 2001.
what will it mean?, IEEE Spectrum,
January 2001, page 19-20.
is coming, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung,
September 11 2000, page 55.
Designs for the Future; Interview with Ralph C. Merkle in Ubiquity,
June 27 2000.
- Text of
prepared comments at the Hofstadter
Symposium on April 1, 2000. (Video
- How manufacturing will change, IEEE Computer magazine, January 2000,
Vol 33 No 1, page 51.
- Molecular building
blocks and development strategies for molecular nanotechnology, Nanotechnology
11 (2000) 89-99.
- Congressional testimony before the House Science Committee, Subcommittee
on Basic Research, Nanotechnology hearings, June 22 1999.
- Biotechnology as
a route to nanotechnology, Trends in Biotechnology, July 1999, Vol 17 No 7, pages 271-274.
- Casing an assembler, Nanotechnology 10 (1999) pages
- Making smaller, faster, cheaper computers, Proceedings of the IEEE,
Vol. 86 No 11, November 1998, pages 2384-2386
- Whither nanotechnology? (1998) published in R&D status and
trends in nanoparticles, nanostructured materials, and nanodevices in the
United States, Richard W. Siegel, Evelyn Hu, and M.C. Roco, pages 156-160.
This is the proceedings of a May 1997 workshop cosponsored by ONR, AFOSR,
NIST, NASA, NIH and DOE, and run by WTEC
(World Technology Evaluation Center).
- Nanotechnology? Make it
so!, an interview with MSNBC.
- Public key
distribution using approximately linear functions, (1998).
- A proposed "metabolism" for a hydrocarbon assembler, Nanotechnology
8 (1997) pages 149-162.
- Theoretical studies of reactions on diamond surfaces, by S.P. Walch
and R.C. Merkle, Nanotechnology 9 (1998) pages 285-296.
- NASA applications of molecular nanotechnology, by Al Globus, David
Bailey, Jie Han, Richard Jaffe, Creon Levit, Ralph Merkle, and Deepak Srivastava,
The Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 51 (1998)
- Dynamics of He/C60 flow inside carbon nanotubes, by
Robert E Tuzun, Donald W Noid, Bobby G Sumpter and Ralph C Merkle, Nanotechnology
8 (1997) pages 112-118.
a small, small, small, small world, MIT Technology Review, Feb/Mar
1997 page 25.
- A response to Scientific American's news story "Trends in Nanotechnology".
- A new family of six degree of freedom positional devices, Nanotechnology
8 (1997) pages 47-52.
- Convergent assembly, Nanotechnology 8 (1997) pages
- Binding sites for use in a simple assembler, Nanotechnology
8 (1997) pages 23-28.
- Chemical storage of data, by Charles W. Bauschlicher Jr, Alessandra
Ricca and Ralph C. Merkle, Nanotechnology 8 (1997) pages 1-5.
- Helical logic, with K. Eric Drexler, Nanotechnology 7
(1996) pages 325-339.
- Design considerations for an assembler, Nanotechnology 7
(1996) pages 210-215.
- Dynamics of fluid flow inside carbon nanotubes, by R. E. Tuzun,
D.W. Noid, Bobby G. Sumpter and R. C. Merkle, Nanotechnology 7 (1996)
- Editorial, Nanotechnology 7 (1996) pages 157-158.
- Nanotechnology and medicine, in Advances in Anti-Aging Medicine,
Vol. I, Dr. Ronald M. Klatz, ed.; Liebert press, 1996, pages 277-286.
- Nanotechnology: snapping atoms together, in Scientific American's
Triumph of Discovery, Henry Holt and Company, 1995, pages 151-153.
- Design-ahead for nanotechnology, in Prospects in Nanotechnology,
by M. Krummenacker and J. Lewis, Wiley, 1995, pages 23-52.
- Crystal Clear: a molecular CAD tool, by Geoff Leach and Ralph C.
Merkle, Nanotechnology 5 (1994) pages 168-171.
- Beyond Lithography: Molecular Manufacturing and the Future of Computing,
in High Performance Systems: Proceedings from the Conference on High Speed
Computing, April 18-21, 1994. Los Alamos National Laboratories, LA-12930-C
Conference, compiled by Manuel B. Vigil.
- Cryonics, cryptography,
and maximum likelihood estimation, by Ralph C. Merkle, First
Extropy Institute Conference, 1994.
- Self replicating systems and low cost manufacturing, in: The ultimate
limits of fabrication and measurement, M.E. Welland, J.K. Gimzewski, eds.;
Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1994, pages 25-32.
- The molecular repair of the brain (210KB html), parts I and II,
Cryonics, January & April 1994, Vol. 15 No's 1 & 2.
- Molecular manufacturing: adding positional control to chemical synthesis,
Design Automation News, September/October 1993.
- Two types of mechanical reversible logic , Nanotechnology 4
(1993) pages 114-131.
- Reversible electronic logic using switches(106KB html text only,
or PDF with illustrations)Nanotechnology
4 (1993) pages 21-40.
- A Proof about Molecular Bearings, Nanotechnology 4 (1993) pages
- Protected Shareware (pdf).
- Towards Practical Reversible Logic, by Ralph C. Merkle, in Workshop
on Physics and Computation, PhysComp '92, October, Dallas Texas; IEEE press
- Nanotechnology in Conference Proceedings of the Frontiers of Super
Computing II, 1992.
- Risk Assessment, in Nanotechnology: Research and Perspectives,
edited by B. C. Crandall and James Lewis, MIT press 1992.
- Self replicating systems and molecular manufacturing, Journal of
the British Interplanetary Society, 45 (1992) pages 407-413.
- Theoretical studies of a hydrogen abstraction tool for nanotechnology,
by Charles Musgrave,
Jason Perry, Ralph C. Merkle and William
A. Goddard III; Nanotechnology 2 (1991) pages 187-195.
- The technical feasibility of cryonics, first published in Medical Hypotheses, 1992, 39,
- Computational nanotechnology, Nanotechnology, 2 (1991) pages
- Computational Nanotechnology at PARC, Foresight Update No. 11,
- NASA and Self Replicating Systems, Foresight Update No. 9, June 1990.
- A fast software one-way hash function, Journal of Cryptology, 3
(1990) pages 43-58.
- Large scale analysis of neural structures (116KB html), Xerox PARC
technical report, CSL-89-10 November 1989 [P89-00173].
- Energy limits to the computational power of the human brain, Foresight
Update No. 6, August 1989.
- Fast software encryption functions, Crypto `90, pages 476-501
- One Way Hash Functions and DES, Crypto '89.
- A Certified
Digital Signature, Crypto 89, pages 218-238.
- How many bytes in human memory?, Foresight Update No. 4, October
- A digital signature based on a conventional encryption function,
- Reverse engineering the brain, in Proc. American Institute of Aeronautics
and Astronautics, Computers in Aerospace IV (1987) page 375.
authentication, and public key systems, UMI research Press 1982.
- On the security of multiple encryption, with Martin E. Hellman,
CACM July 1981, pages 465-467.
- Protocols for Public Key Cryptosystems,
by Ralph C. Merkle, IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1980, pages 122-134.
- Secrecy, authentication,
and public key systems, Ph.D. thesis, Electrical Engineering, Stanford,
- Hiding information and signatures in trap door knapsacks, with
M. E. Hellman, Sept. 1978, IEEE Trans. on Information Theory, pages 525-530
- Results of an Initial Attempt to Cryptanalyze the NBS Data Encryption
Standard (pdf), Information Systems Laboratory SEL 76-042 (Sept. 9, 1976 Stanford
University) with Martin Hellman et. al.
- Secure communications over
insecure channels, CACM April 1978, pages 294-299. Submitted in 1975.
History Museum interviewed me about the history of this paper in 2011.
I was interviewed by
Arnd Weber about it in 2002.
- 1974 CS244 Project Proposal,
the first document to describe public key cryptography.